According to a price analysis of German ADAC camps in Europe, two adults with a ten-year-old child pay an average of € 35,50 per night in a European camp in the main summer season 2018.With an average price of 29,13 euros, Germany is once again one of the cheapest camping destinations. The cheapest camping, apart from Germany, is possible in Sweden (€ 31,11) and Austria (€ 35,25). The most expensive camping destinations are Switzerland with an average price of 46,78 euros, followed by Italy (€ 46,35) and Denmark (€ 41,32).According to the ADAC, the largest price increase compared to the previous year was registered in Croatia (+ 3,3%) and Austria (2,7%). “The same sea, big differences in price: Italy is the most expensive Mediterranean country for camping, while in Croatia it is cheaper by 12%, and in France the cheapest. ” stated in the ADAC report.Family camping prices in some European countries:Switzerland: 46,78 eurosItaly: 46,35 eurosDenmark: 41,32 eurosThe Netherlands: EUR 40,94Croatia: 40,92 eurosSpain: 39,94 eurosFrance: 36,55 eurosAustria: 34,31 eurosSweden: 31,11 eurosGermany: 29,13 eurosBy the way, last year Croatia was 6th, with a price of 39,60 euros.
“Eventually I’d like to buy a small car for the family, as the children are getting older. I would buy an electric car, if they are affordable.”He will have to wait a while to find out.After a lengthy delay, Pakistan’s ambitious electric vehicle (EV) policy was approved for implementation this month, but a late-stage change leaves cars out of its first phase.Critics warn this means it will take longer for Pakistanis to reap the policy’s environmental and financial benefits. Ghulam Hussain was used to zipping through the streets of Lahore with his wife and three young children perched perilously on his motorbike, whenever they visited relatives or ran errands.But now that Pakistan has launched a plan to move vehicles over to electric power, Hussain is excited about the prospect of no longer spending 4,000 rupees ($24) each month on petrol.”It would be a substantial saving for me to switch to an electric motorbike,” said Hussain, who works as a driver for a family in the upscale Gulberg district, earning about 20,000 rupees a month. Covering buses and trucks, as well as two- and three-wheel vehicles, including rickshaws and motorcycles, the new policy introduces a raft of incentives to encourage manufacturers to start producing electric vehicles and customers to buy them.Passed on June 10, the new policy was originally approved by Prime Minister Imran Khan in November, with the goal of cutting air pollution and curbing climate change.It aims to bring half a million electric motorcycles and rickshaws, along with more than 100,000 electric cars, buses and trucks, into the transportation system over the next five years.The goal is to have at least 30% of all vehicles running on electricity by 2030.After pushback from traditional automakers, the first stage of the policy bypasses cars to focus on motorbikes and rickshaws – the most common form of transport in Pakistan’s densely populated urban areas – as well as buses and trucks.Malik Amin Aslam, climate change advisor to the prime minister, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation that incentives for cars would be added to the policy “at a later stage”, without specifying when.Leaving out cars makes the new policy “like a wedding party arriving with no bridegroom”, said Shaukat Qureshi, general secretary of the Pakistan Electric Vehicles and Parts Manufacturers and Traders Association (PEVPMTA).”The rest of the world is adopting this technology and it is pollution-free. The sooner it comes, the better it is for everyone,” he said.Abdul Waheed Khan, director general of the Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers Association, which represents petrol-powered carmakers, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation that the policy “states the broad parameters to which we agreed”.”We appreciate the direction and are awaiting further details,” he added.Poorer families left behindMian Ali Hameed, marketing director at Sazgar Engineering Works Limited, a leading rickshaw manufacturer, said his company was ready to start producing electric rickshaws before the end of 2020.Hameed confirmed that Sazgar’s e-rickshaws will be more expensive than traditional versions, costing about 400,000 rupees, compared with 250,000 rupees for a petrol-powered ride.However, customers will soon see savings, as their petrol use drops dramatically and they spend less on maintenance like oil and filter changes, he explained.”Customers could recover the (purchase) cost in one year, according to our estimates,” he said.One potential obstacle to the speedy uptake of EVs is a lack of charging infrastructure. To address that, the policy makes it cheaper for authorities and companies to install charging stations in cities and along motorways.But Qureshi of the PEVPMTA noted that owners of electric motorbikes, e-rickshaws and small electric cars do not need to wait.”You just plug them in at home, like a fan,” he said.Qureshi worries that leaving cars out of the policy for now will disadvantage lower-income families, estimating that switching to a small electric car could save up to 25,000 rupees a month in fuel costs.”For many families in Pakistan, this much savings per month means a change in their lifestyles,” he said.Good for healthAddressing concerns about the cost of electric vehicles, climate advisor Aslam said the policy includes incentives for their owners, such as removing yearly registration fees and a 50% discount on motorway tolls.In a country where large cities routinely suffer high levels of air pollution, the benefits to Pakistan’s environmental health will also be significant, he added.Each electric vehicle produces 65% fewer pollutants than traditional petrol-powered engines, he said.According to the latest World Air Quality Report, Pakistani and Indian cities dominated the most polluted cities in 2019.Much of that pollution is due to Pakistan’s rapid motorization, environmental experts say.A World Bank study published in 2014 noted that the number of vehicles on the country’s roads jumped from about 2 million in 1991 to more than 10 million two decades later.The blue skies Pakistanis witnessed during the coronavirus lockdown showed “the extremely strong nexus between congested vehicle traffic and air pollution, especially in urban centers”, Aslam said.According to Syed Muhammad Abubakar, an independent environmental researcher based in Lahore, the transport sector produces more than 40% of the air pollution in Punjab province.There is “no time to lose” in cleaning up the air in Pakistan’s cities, especially in the midst of COVID-19, he said.Pointing to a recent study by researchers at Harvard University, Abubakar noted that even a small increase in long-term exposure to air pollution particles can lead to an 8% jump in the rate of deaths caused by the respiratory illness.”Pakistan must learn and take drastic measures to limit the increase in air pollution. Otherwise, the lives of many will be at risk,” he said. Topics :
On December 23 Jean Boutanquoi, Director of SNCF’s Ile-de-France commuter business, presented the first results of quality initiatives introduced last June after a survey of customer opinion. They are focused on personal safety, punctuality, passenger information and ticket retailing.At the end of December, the first 170 of 240 extra personnel went into service to help discourage crime and fare evasion on the Paris suburban network. Dressed in red or blue uniforms, the staff will also carry passengers’ bags, report faults in station escalators and lighting, and assist customers to find their way. Since October, SNCF has posted monthly punctuality figures at almost 200 Ile-de-France stations. On the northern sector of the network, the percentage of trains running late fell from 9% to 7% in seven months, but the goal of 5% may remain elusive as half of all delays are caused by malicious acts.Meeting SNCF’s national target of informing passengers of delays within five minutes is complicated by the fact that older rolling stock lacks public address equipment. Information screens are being tested on three RER Line C trainsets; elsewhere drivers and other on-train staff have been trained to make announcements.Ticketing innovations have included the introduction of a telesales service which aims to sell 10000 tickets a week and deliver them to customers’ homes. Since September 20, holders of the Carte Orange season have been able to renew their ticket at any Ile-de-France station. o