Want to learn more about filmmaking? Check out the filmmaking section of the PremiumBeat blog. We have hundreds of articles dedicated to helping you become a better filmmaker. Here’s a few you might be interested in:How to Pick the Right Tone, Shots, and Music for Trailers8 Great ‘Proof of Concept’ Films That Got Picked Up by HollywoodCinematography Tips For Horror FilmmakersKnow of any other quick tutorials under 5 minutes? Share in the comments below. 3. The Flip ShotCreated By: Brent Pierce via PremiumBeatYou don’t have to spend thousands of dollars on rigs to get professional quality shots. Sometimes all it takes is a little creativity. In this video tutorial, Brent Pierce shows us how to create a Flip Shot using just a tripod and sand bag. The end result is very unique. 5. Mad Max: Center FramedCreated By: Vashi Nedomansky This video is an interesting look into the center-weighted cinematography style found in Mad Max. The video features an interview with DP John Seale ACS as he explains the hidden motivations behind the center-framed decision. 4. F for Fake (1973) – How to Structure a Video EssayCreated By: Tony ZhouWe’re huge fans of ‘Every Frame’s A Painting’ here at PremiumBeat. In the series ,Tony Zhou breaks down film techniques on a fundamental level. In this incredibly insightful video, Tony explains how the film ‘F for Fake’ inspires him to create narratively engaging video essays. There’s a lot to be learned about storytelling in this video. These 5 quick filmmaking tutorials are a great way to get some quick inspiration!We love filmmaking tutorials here at PremiumBeat, but it can be rather difficult to sit down and watch hour-long tutorials when you have so many things going on. So we thought it’d be helpful to find a few quick tutorials that are still incredibly helpful for filmmakers. If you know of any more awesome tutorials under 5 minutes, we’d love to hear about them in the comments below.1. 7 Special Effects that Anyone Can Do for FreeCreated By: Matthew Rosen“Just fix it in post” is an incredibly dangerous thing to say. An over reliance on your post-production abilities will often leave you with a poor finished product. When on set, it can be easy to run into a problem and think that After Effects is the best way to fix it.However, in many cases you can get your desired effect by simply thinking of creative ways to get your shot. In the following breakdown video created by Matthew Rosen, we’ll take a look at how he created a few impressive shots using only practical effects on-set. If you’re interested in this subject, check out our ‘Top 10 Best and Worst Practical Effects in Movie History‘ post. 2. How to Make a Toy Gun Look RealCreated By: Film RiotIf you’ve ever tried to shoot an action film, then you’ve probably come across the whole “what gun do I use?” question. Unless you’re a trained professional, a real gun should be off the table, but fake guns look too… well, fake. In this quick tutorial by Film Riot, we’ll take a look at how they made their toy gun look real in After Effects. Andrew Kramer also has a cool behind the scenes video about how he created his pulse gun by spray painting a nerf gun.
Indian archers topped the qualification round in the recurve team and individual events to begin their gold quest at the Games on a positive note at the Yamuna Sports Complex on Monday.In the recurve team event, India topped with 1,944 points. England were second with 1,904 and Australia were third with 1,841.In the men’s category, Rahul Banerjee topped with 679 points, while cadet world champion Deepika Kumari topped the women’s category with 609 points. Rahul’s sister and veteran archer Dola Banerjee came second, four points behind Deepika.Jayanta Talukdar finished second three points behind Rahul, while Canadian Jason Lyon was third with 674 points.India’s Tarundeep Rai stood 13th with a score of 647.In the women’s individual recurve event, Naomi Anne Folkard of England was third with 642. Bombayla Devi of India was ninth with 624 points.Monday’s show left India topranked in the elimination round for the men’s and women’s recurve event on Tuesday. However, India did not fare well in the individual compound event for men and women.In the men’s compound event, South African Septimus Cilliers topped with a score of 704, while Englishman Duncan Busby finished second a point behind.Kiwi Stephen Clifton took the third spot two points behind.India’s Jignas Chittiboma ( 693), Chinna Srither ( 691) and Ritul Chaterjee ( 685) finished 17th, 18th and 21st respectively.In the women’s compound section, Gagandeep Kaur came 15th, followed by Jhanu Hansdah, 17th, and Bheigyabati Chanu, 21st.
DefinitionA charley horse is the common name for a muscle spasm. Muscle spasms can occur in any muscle in the body, but often happen in the leg. When a muscle is in spasm, it contracts without your control and does not relax.Alternative NamesMuscle spasmCauses, incidence, and risk factorsMuscle spasms often occur when a muscle is overused or injured. Things that might bring on a muscle spasm include:Exercising when you have not had enough fluids (youre dehydrated).Having low levels of minerals such as potassium or calcium.Some spasms occur because the nerve that connects to a muscle is irritated.One example is a herniated diskirritates thespinal nerves and causes pain and spasm in the back muscles. Spasms in the calf often occur while kicking during swimming. They can also happenat nightwhen you arein bed. Upper leg spasms are more common with running or jumping activities. Spasm in the neck (cervical spine) can be a sign of stress.SymptomsWhen a muscle goes into spasm it feels very tight. It is sometimes described as a knot. The pain can be severe.Signs and testsTo diagnose a spasm, your health care provider will look for tight or hard muscles that are very tender to the touch. There are no imaging studies or blood testsfor this condition. If the spasm is caused by nerve irritation, such as in the back, an MRI may be helpful to find the cause of the problem.TreatmentStop your activity and try stretching and massaging the affected muscle at the first sign of a spasm.advertisementHeat will relax the muscle at first. Ice may be helpful after the first spasm and when the pain has improved.If the muscle is still sore after heat and ice, you can usenonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicinesto help with pain. In more severe cases, your health care provider can prescribe antispasm medications.After you get treated, your health care provider should look for the cause of the spasm so that it doesnt recur. If an irritated nerve is involved, you might need physical therapy or even surgery.Drinking water or sports drinks when exercising can help ease cramps due to dehydration.If drinking water alone is not enough, salt tablets or sports drinks may help replace minerals in your body. Expectations (prognosis)Muscle spasms will get better with rest and time. The outlook is excellent for most people. Learning how to exercise properly can prevent spasms from occurring regularly. You might need other treatments if an irritated nerve caused the spasm. Results from these treatments can vary.Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if:You have a muscle spasm with severe pain.You have weakness with your muscle spasm.Even if your spasms are not severe, your health care provider can help you change your exercise program to reduce the risk of spasms in the future.PreventionStretch to improve your flexibility.Change your workouts so that you are exercising within your ability.Drink plenty of fluids while exercising and increase your potassium intake. Orange juice and bananas are great sources of potassium.ReferencesBrinker MR, O’Connor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 1, section A.Geiderman JM, Katz D. General principles of orthopedic injuries. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 46.Review Date:4/13/2013Reviewed By:Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.