Cruises will be discouraged from visiting Killybegs from 2021 due to planned limitations at Dublin Port, a leading Irish tour operator has warned.The Dublin Port Company announced earlier this year that is planning to cut the number of cruise ships from 172 in 2018 to 80 in 2021.This cutback is set to have a serious effect on cruise tourism at all Irish ports, warns Excursions Ireland, who have called on the Government and Irish tourism bodies to act immediately to address the threat. Niamh McCarthy, MD of Excursions Ireland, said the planned decrease in cruises visiting Dublin is leading to a decline in bookings for 2021.Excursions Ireland ran nine cruise calls to Killybegs this year. The company works with local businesses and tourist attractions in the surrounding areas to send guests on shore excursions.Ms McCarthy said that the Dublin Port’s decision will create a negative overall impression of welcoming cruises to Ireland.“Removing Dublin from cruise itineraries may ultimately sway cruise lines away from Ireland completely – if they cannot include the capital city, chances are they will go to a country/region where they are welcomed with open arms across cities. We have already seen cases of this from 2021 onwards! “CLIA (Cruise Line International Association) estimates that the average spend per cruise guest when they are travelling a country before or after their cruise is approximately €250.00/day. “Guests travelling around Ireland spend time in places such as Donegal and this type of client will return to see more of Ireland after visiting. As there are no turnarounds in Dublin allowed from 2021, this business is lost.”Excursions Ireland have called on the Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport to tell the Dublin Port board that “Tourism is of vital importance to Ireland and that Cruise ships and their passengers are of more value to the Irish economy than a ship full of imported goods.”Cruise tourism in Donegal under threat by limits at Dublin Port was last modified: September 24th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:cruise tourismcruisesexcursions irelandKillybegs
7 October 2002What South African words would you include in an English dictionary designed for the region?There are words one hears every day in South Africa: ubuntu, for example, that Nguni word meaning humanity. There are lekgotla (Sesotho) and bosberaad (Afrikaans) – both strategy planning sessions, usually called by government or organisations.Some South African words have entered world usage – “fundi’, from the isiNdebele umfundi (an expert, a teacher) and “trek’, from South African Dutch (a long or arduous journey). Others, perhaps, deserve elevation into “World English’: babelaas (hung-over), from the isiZulu ibhabhalazi; and for those who get themselves into that state, dof, or stupid, from Afrikaans.The South African Concise Oxford Dictionary is the newest in a range of regional dictionaries – there are Canadian, Australian and Indian editions – and the editors had some difficult choices to make. They settled on 1 500 examples of South African English, including words specific to the country as well as those which have meanings in South Africa different from their definitions overseas.“Madam’, for example, might be “a polite form of address for a woman’ elsewhere, but here it’s “the mistress of a household, usually a white woman’, or “an affluent urban white woman’. A “bond’ in South Africa is a “mortgage’ in the US and the UK. And perhaps the best-known example: a South African “robot’ is not a steel-plated humanoid but a traffic light.Less known, but also important, is the use of the comma in figures. The second, South African usage entry under “comma’ is “a mark representing a decimal comma: two comma five metres’ – presumably where many other countries would say “point’.Choices were made by The Dictionary Unit for South African English, a not-for-profit unit affiliated to Rhodes University in Grahamstown and financed partly by the Pan South African Language Board, established by the South African Constitution to promote the country’s 11 official languages as well as other languages used in the country.The unit had a head start: set up in the 1960s by linguistic academics Jean and William Branford, it could rely on their 1978 Dictionary of South African English and the unit’s massive 1996 Dictionary of South African English on Historical Principles.The new dictionary is intended, say the publishers, for the average adult, the student and the professional. It veers from politics (Nepad, Black Consciousness, Gear) to food and drink (witblits, mebos, skottel) to agriculture – or, anyway, a particular crop. “Ganja’ was there already (origin: from Hindi gamja), but the South African edition has added dagga (origin: from Khoikhoi dachab) and “Durban poison’ (cannabis of a particularly potent variety, originating in KwaZulu-Natal, or so says the dictionary).The preference for Mandrax among South African substance abusers – more than in any other country – is also reflected in the dictionary, with one of the definitions of “button’ being “South African informal: a Mandrax tablet’.There is a nod to youth culture, or at least its music. There is nothing especially South African about hip hop (it is, says the dictionary, of US black and Hispanic origin) or rap (of US origin) or kwasa kwasa (“a lively erotic dance originating in central Africa’ as well as “a genre of popular African music’).But kwaito is distinctly home-grown. It is defined as “a style of popular dance music featuring rhythmically recited vocals over an instrumental backing with strong bass lines’. So now you know – and the origin of the name, if not the style, goes deep into Johannesburg culture. “Kwaito’, says the dictionary, comes from the Amakwaito, a group of 1950s gangsters in Sophiatown – and they, in turn, derived their name from an Afrikaans word for angry or vicious: kwaai.Traditional South African culture is highlighted in the new dictionary, with many words from official languages, especially Nguni, included. An imbizo – traditionally “a gathering called by a traditional leader’ but also “a meeting or workshop’ – comes from the isiZulu biza, “call, summon’.Makoti is in (“a young married woman, a bride’, from isiZulu), and indoda (“a man, especially one who has undergone traditional initiation’, from isiXhosa and isiZulu). So are imbongi (a praise singer) and inyanga (“a traditional healer who uses herbal remedies. Compare with sangoma’), as well as sangoma (“a traditional healer or diviner, from isangoma‘).And traditional culture of a different kind is included as well, with many words from Afrikaans, among them deurmekaar (“confused, disorganised’ – like many words, rather more evocative in original than in translation), boeremusiek and boerekos, and everybody’s favourite, lekker, which the dictionary helpfully defines as “tipsy’ as well as “good’ and “pleasant’.Anyone seeking an illustration of the interweaving and interdependency of different South African cultures need look no further than the language.Tsotsitaal, for example, is “an Afrikaans-influenced township patois . typically spoken in Gauteng. Origin from tsotsi + Afrikaans taal ‘language”). And the word tsotsi? It’s “a black urban criminal’, says the entry, and its origin is “perhaps a Sesotho corruption of zoot suit, with reference to the flashy clothes originally associated with tsotsis’. 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Rodriguez wows his audiences with his 70s songs. His double album – Cold Fact, and Coming from Reality. (Images: Rodriguez website)MEDIA CONTACTS • Stephen Segerman Owner of Mabu Vinyl, Cape Town +27 21 423 7635RELATED ARTICLES • SA songbird wins top opera prize • Lira to usher in Obama term • Homegrown artistic talent honouredUpdate: At the 85th Academy Awards, held at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles on 24 February, Searching for Sugarman won the award for best documentary. The film has been the favourite to win.Director Malik Bendjelloul and producer Simon Chinn were on hand to accept the golden statuette. The singer himself was absent, because he “doesn’t want to take credit for this film”, according to Chinn, speaking backstage afterwards.Lucille DavieSouth Africa’s most unlikely export must be Rodriguez, a singer-songwriter from Detroit in the US. The Mexican-American cut two albums in the early 1970s which went nowhere in his homeland but were a huge hit in South Africa, culminating in the 2012 hit movie Searching for Sugarman.On stage in Johannesburg during his February 2013 tour he said: “The last time I was this happy was the last time I was in South Africa.” That was in 2008.After his albums, Cold Fact and Coming from Reality, flopped in the US, he disappeared for decades into a working class suburb of Detroit where he still lives, continuing his work as a labourer on construction sites, until two South Africans went searching for him.The discovery of the aged hippie, now 70, has the quality of a miracle, with a man who was thought to have died, rising from the dead to become a worldwide sensation.The release of the movie has catapulted Rodriguez into a place very far from his humble beginnings, with tours to Europe, South Africa, Australia, America and New Zealand, coming quick and fast.Sugarman, directed by Sweden’s Malik Bendjelloul, has been nominated for an Academy Award for best documentary and has already won the corresponding award at the 2013 Baftas or British Academy of Film and Television Arts, plus a bagful of other awards. The Academy Awards take place on 24 February.America has fallen for him big time – he has appeared on top-flight talk shows and news channels, and fans just can’t buy tickets for his concerts fast enough.Timeless appealRodriguez’s 2013 South African tour has seen extra concerts scheduled, with tickets sold out within hours. His folk-rock songs have appealed across the generations, a phenomenon seen at the concerts where 20-somethings sat alongside balding 70-somethings.His opening line on stage is typical laid-back Rodriguez: “Thanks for stepping out this evening.”Standing there in leather pants, black vest, black hat pulled down over his forehead, and large shades, he had the audience on their feet after almost every song. The quality of his voice hasn’t diminished over the years – classics like Sugar man, I wonder and I think of you are still able to take the baby boomers back to a dreamy place in the 70s.More than a prince“South Africa made me feel like more than a prince,” said Rodriguez in the movie, talking about his first tour to the country in 1998.Various music producers in the movie described him as better than the Rolling Stones, Elvis and Bob Dylan. And yet outside of South Africa and Australia, he was an unknown entity. All that changed in the late 1990s when two South Africans, record store owner Stephen Segerman and music journalist Craig Bartholomew, set out to find their hero.Rodriguez is an extraordinarily modest, humble man who has lived in the same house for the past 40 years. It was difficult to get hold of him as he didn’t even have a phone in the house, but the two South Africans persisted.They had heard stories that he had died, dramatically committing suicide on stage. Their search began in 1997 – they scoured his songs, looking for clues to his whereabouts. Eventually a clue emerged: in the song Inner City Blues there was mention of a Detroit suburb called Dearborn.In the same year the pair created a website, asking for anyone with details of Rodriguez. Rodriguez’s eldest daughter Eva, who now lives in South Africa, responded by leaving her phone number. Segerman phoned her and told her his story, and she reassured him that her father was alive.Bartholomew describes that revelation as “a euphoric moment”.Segerman left his number with Eva. That night his wife took a late-night call. It was Rodriguez. “Hello, is that Sugar?” he said. “I knew I was talking to Rodriguez, it was one of the greatest moments of my life,” says Segerman in the movie. He had been given the nickname “Sugarman” in the army because he loved listening to the song.Once they’d traced him Segerman and Bartholemew persuaded Rodriguez to tour to South Africa where he still had a huge fan base. That was in June 1998. He had six sold-out concerts in that year and has returned to tour three or four times.But if the Americans were taken aback, the local fans were even more so. It took that first audience of some 5 000 people back in 1998 up to 10 minutes to stop cheering and screaming. Said Bartholomew in the movie: “It’s like seeing someone like Elvis come back from the dead.”And Rodriguez simply said: “Thanks for keeping me alive.” His daughter Eva said: “It was beautiful, a beautiful dream.”An educated manHis three daughters describe him as an educated man with a degree in philosophy, who exposed them to art, music and culture and taught them that they could do anything they wanted. He once ran for mayor of Detroit, wanting to represent the working poor in the city, but wasn’t successful so he continued with his construction work, saying it “keeps the blood circulating, keeps you fit”.His daughter Regan says of him: “He was doing work no one else wanted to do. He was a harder worker than a lot of other fathers were.”Sugarman director Bendjelloul says of Rodriguez in a January 2013 interview: “He was very warm and welcoming and a lovely guy. I really liked him. But he didn’t like to be on camera. It’s very hard when you make a film about someone who doesn’t like getting filmed. So I didn’t get much footage with him. I went there every year for four years, and every time I got maybe 20 minutes of footage.”Of the singer’s sudden fame, Segerman says: “Rodriguez is enjoying room service,” he laughs. “He has his family with him, and it’s one big happy family. He likes meeting his fans.”Segerman has wanted to introduce Rodriguez to his Amercian countrymen since 1997, so is now “just thrilled that the whole world has discovered him and his music. The dream continues”.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Mark Loux, Ohio State University ExtensionThe world of soybean herbicide resistance traits has gotten more complex over the past several years. The good news is that we have new options for control of herbicide-resistant weeds, although it can be a little difficult to sort out which one is best for a given situation and whether the possible downsides of certain traits are tolerable. The following is a quick rundown of what’s available and some things to consider when selecting seed. This is not meant to be an extensive evaluation/description of these systems because including all the possible configurations of herbicide use and the stewardship stuff would probably kill the possibility that anyone reads the rest of the article. We also do not attempt to include all of the possible seed trade names. For ratings of herbicide effectiveness on certain weeds, check the tables in the “Weed Control Guide for Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.” Roundup Ready (RR1, RR 2 Yield, etc.) – the original herbicide resistance trait. Resistant to glyphosate which can be applied anytime up through R2. LibertyLink – resistant to glufosinate (Liberty, Interline, etc.) which can be applied anytime up to R1. LL-GT27 (Freedom Plus, etc.) – resistant to glyphosate, glufosinate, and isoxaflutole (Balance), although there is currently no isoxaflutole product approved for use in these soybeans. Enlist – resistant to glyphosate, glufosinate, and 2,4-D. Enlist One (2,4-D choline) and Enlist Duo (2,4-D choline + glyphosate) are the only 2,4-D products approved for preemergence and postemergence use on this soybean, outside of the typical use of 2,4-D ester 7 or more days ahead of planting that works on any soybean. These products can be used any time before or after planting Enlist soybeans without a waiting period as well as postemergence through R2 Roundup Ready Xtend – resistant to glyphosate and dicamba. XtendiMax, FeXapan, andEngenia are the dicamba products approved for preemergence and postemergence use on this soybean. These products can be applied any time before or after Xtend soybean planting without a waiting period, as well as postemergence (prior to R1 and no later than 45 days after planting).Note: Dicamba and 2,4-D are different herbicides. Dicamba cannot be applied to Enlist soybeans and 2,4-D cannot be applied to Xtend soybeans. Just like glyphosate cannot be applied to LibertyLink soybeans and glufosinate cannot be applied to Roundup Ready soybeans. Seems obvious but it’s a surprisingly frequent question. All of these soybean herbicide trait systems have utility in certain situations. Factors determining this are the resistant weeds present and the type of tillage. The primary resistant weed issues in Ohio, which require herbicides other than glyphosate, are marestail, giant and common ragweed, waterhemp, and Palmer amaranth. Here are a few things to consider, all of which assume that some type of residual herbicides are being used, regardless of the specific weed issues.Any type of tillage that mixes the upper few inches of soil and uproots weeds often renders marestail more or less a non-issue but does not really greatly affect the other weeds listed here. Marestail can often be handled well enough with a combination of fall burndown and spring burndown + residual, although the residuals are not bulletproof. Otherwise, use of Xtend soybeans and a preemergence dicamba product provides an effective alternative for spring burndown of marestail, as well as a dicamba POST option. The ability to use higher rates of 2,4-D at planting in the Enlist system does not usually result in effective marestail burndown without a fall treatment, although it can be followed with a POST application of glufosinate and/or 2,4-D. The combination of PRE and POST has allowed for effective control in our research with Enlist. LibertyLink and the LL-GT27 soybean provide for the POST use of glufosinate to control marestail, but do not change the burndown options (glufosinate can be used for burndown in any type of soybean, prior to emergence).Giant ragweed requires initial control through tillage or burndown herbicides, and also postemergence control. Most populations have lost response to glyphosate and some are highly resistant. Burndown has not usually been an issue as long as there’s a way to get some 2,4-D, dicamba, or Sharpen in the mix, so there’s not necessarily an advantage to any of these systems. With the exception that the Enlist and Xtend systems allow more flexibility in use of 2,4-D or dicamba, respectively, since there’s no wait between application and planting. Using any system besides the basic Roundup Ready will also provide for more effective POST control, although the edge usually goes to systemic herbicides on bigger plants. Rate and application parameters have a substantial effect on glufosinate activity, and optimization of these parameters can make the difference between so-so and effective control. These same considerations apply to common ragweed as well.Waterhemp and Palmer amaranth require essentially the same approach, with the emphasis on residual and postemergence herbicides. Postemergence control is complicated by herbicide resistance, need for plants to be small, and emergence that extends well into the growing season. We assume almost all of the waterhemp populations are resistant to glyphosate and site 2 herbicides, and a number of populations are also resistant to site 14 herbicides. So, a system that allows postemergence use of 2,4-D, dicamba, or glufosinate will provide for the most consistently effective control. All of these can become considerably more variable in effectiveness on larger plants. And all can require the addition of a site 15 residual herbicide to provide control of later-emerging plants. We would consider Enlist to have an advantage over the Xtend, LibertyLink, and LL-GT27 soybeans because it’s the only system where we know we can still mix two postemergence herbicides that are still effective — 2,4-D and glufosinate. Postemergence control in Xtend depends upon dicamba, and in LibertyLink and LL-GT27 depends upon glufosinate.Advantages to Enlist are two-fold: 1) the mix of 2,4-D and glufosinate will be more consistently effective on larger waterhemp than any of these herbicides applied singly; and 2) mixing two herbicides with different sites of action that still have activity reduces the selection for resistance. It’s a game of chance really, with the odds of a plant having two concurrent mutations that confer resistance to both sites of action is considerably lower (but not impossible) than the odds of a single mutation conferring resistance to one site of action.Even when the Xtend soybean has glufosinate resistance added to its genetics, it’s hard to fathom how one could mix dicamba and glufosinate while still optimizing glufosinate activity and following dicamba stewardship guidelines. This is of course not to say that the mix of two herbicides is always more effective than a single herbicide, although this is probably one of the founding principles of weed science. Similar principles apply to Palmer amaranth control, except that it’s found only infrequently in Ohio still and we have not observed resistance to site 14 herbicides yet.Some seed dealers have stopped offering the basic Roundup Ready seed, because of the lack of POST options for these weeds. Assuming marestail has been taken care of by burndown + residual, it is possible to make this system work by adding a site 14 herbicide (fomesafen product or Cobra) to POST glyphosate treatments. This will be a generally more variable approach than using one of the other systems, and usually results in some degree of soybean injury. Some waterhemp and common ragweed populations are already resistant to both glyphosate and site 14 herbicides, and Roundup Ready soybeans will not work in these fields (same goes for non-GMO since site 14 herbicides are the only POST option).Needless to say, there are extensive stewardship guidelines for the Xtend and Enlist systems, which can make them more burdensome to use than the LibertyLink and LL-GT systems. The large-scale experiment with dicamba on millions of acres over the past several years has led university weed scientists to conclude that there is an unpredictable component to its off-target movement that is not necessarily controlled by following stewardship guidelines. This is not to say that it always moves off-target of course, it’s just something that should be considered when decisions about which trait system to use are made. We hope that the same does not occur for 2,4-D use on Enlist soybeans, but the large-scale experiment with this technology starts in 2020, so it remains to be seen.There can be issues with applying some of these herbicides in mixtures, and these are still evolving. Even if it does not control the resistant weeds, glyphosate still has utility on most other weeds and can be the cheapest way to control grasses. It can be used in mixtures with the other herbicides mentioned here in all trait systems except the LibertyLink (without the “GT27”). Previous research and field experience have shown that control of barnyardgrass and certain other weeds can be reduced with a mixture of glyphosate and glufosinate, compared with separate applications. Mixing dicamba with postemergence grass herbicides (clethodim etc.) can result in reduced control of volunteer corn. All of these interactions seem to be specific to certain weeds, and also weather conditions in some cases. The bottom line is that there’s probably more to learn about how these herbicides interact in mixtures.For any of these traits, it’s important to take resistance management into consideration. Use an effective residual herbicide program, try to vary herbicide site of action between corn and soybeans, don’t overuse the same postemergence herbicides in soybeans, and use mixtures of different sites of action that have activity on the same weeds. Follow up in mid to late season to remove waterhemp and Palmer amaranth escapes and prevent seed.
This Mahalaya, the last day of the Shraadh period of the Hindu calendar, BJP working president J.P. Nadda will, in Kolkata, participate in offering “tarpan” to nearly 78 BJP workers, who, the BJP says, lost their lives in political violence since 2013. It will mark, what party leaders say, a systematic block-level upward plan to combat the ruling Trinamool Congress in West Bengal.“On September 28, Naddaji will be in Balurghat in Kolkata along with family members of around 78 of our party workers who had been slain because of political violence, and will offer ‘tarpan’ for their souls,” Lok Sabha MP and State president of the BJP Dilip Ghosh told The Hindu.The event seeks to push the narrative of not just “widespread violence” against the BJP allegedly by the Trinamool but also that the party is the only one that has the ‘stomach’ to take on Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on her turf.Party president Amit Shah held a meeting of office bearers involved in the State a few days ago, and as a starting point has asked that a four-member committee be set up for each Assembly constituency. “Each of these committees will include an MP, a legislator and two West Bengal leaders who will not be local to that constituency, in order that a correct report of the situation in the area be recorded, away from any local prejudices. The committees will be constituted by October 8 and the report handed over to the State core group. All reports will then be reviewed by Amitbhai [party president Amit Shah] in the first week of November,” said a senior source in the party.Political programmes on the National Register of Citizens (NRC) and the proposed Citizenship Amendment Bill will also be undertaken across the State. “Protests over the ‘appeasement politics’ of the Trinamool in each block of the State, will be undertaken from October 15 onwards,” added the source.The BJP is hopeful that these programmes will not only strengthen the basic organisation of the party down to the block level, but will give a momentum to the campaign for the 2021 Assembly polls.