TOTTENHAM struggled big time during their 1-0 home defeat to Newcastle as Steve Bruce’s men picked up their first points of the season.The atmosphere inside the ground was flat after Joelinton’s 27th minute goal and few Spurs players did anything to give their fans much to shout about.5 Harry Kane had a rare off day but let his team down during flat performance vs NewcastleCredit: Getty – ContributorChristian Eriksen was left out because he was not in the right frame of mind with a potential move away looming.And Tottenham missed him.The Dane did come on towards the end but it was too little too late.Here’s what Paul Jiggins thought of the defeated Tottenham team today.ACCA WITH LADBROKES Pick up a whole load of acca features to help you land the big oneHUGO LLORIS 7THE skipper pulled off a stunning save to deny Sean Longstaff before he was let down by those in front of him for the Newcastle’s goal. Still waiting for his first clean sheet of campaign.5 Hugo lloris was the only shining light in an otherwise disappointing teamCredit: ReutersKYLE WALKER-PETERS 6THE academy product is looking more assured with each appearance as he bids to make first-team slot his own. Will be hoping injury is not too serious after limping off in second half.TOBY ALDERWEIRELD 5FOR how good a central defender the Belgian is, he never looks as commanding without Jan Vertonghen alongside him.Time to get the pair back together, Poch.DAVINSON SANCHEZ 4THE Colombian was given a tough time by Joelinton and caught woefully on his heels for the Toon striker’s opener.DANNY ROSE 5THE left-back did not do much wrong in defence but was hardly his usual effective self going forward either.When he did get into promising positions he was let down by either his cross or his team-mates’ lack of movement in box.MOUSSA SISSOKO 6CONSTANTLY jeered by the travelling fans, the former Newcastle man was again one of Tottenham’s better performers – although he too could not penetrate a resolute Toon defence.HARRY WINKS 5WAS forced to walk a disciplinary tightrope after his foolish 10th minute yellow card for hauling back Isaac Hayden.Winks also needs to add a bit more guile to his passing game.LUCAS MOURA 4THE Brazilian looked a shadow of the player who scored that historic hat-trick in the Champions League semi-final second leg at Ajax as he capped a poor display by missing a late sitter.5 Lucas Moura missed a late sitter on an afternoon to forget for the BrazilianCredit: Getty – ContributorERIK LAMELA 4WE keep waiting for the Argentinian to fulfil his potential and show he was worth £30million. But he is 27 now and time is running out.SON HEUNG-MIN 4A DISAPPOINTING return to action from the South Korean in his first appearance of the season after completing a three-match ban.HARRY KANE 4THE Toon Army taunted the England captain with chants of “You’re just a s**t Alan Shearer.”But to be honest Kane was not even that good as he endured a rare off-day.5 Harry Kane felt he should have had a penalty but VAR denied him on what was a disappointing afternoon for the strikerCredit: AFP or licensorsSubsCHRISTIAN ERIKSEN 5THE Dane could not pull a rabbit out of the hat this time. Spurs missed his creativity.GIOVANI LO CELSO 5HIS 62nd minute introduction alongside Eriksen was too little too late.BEN DAVIES 5HIS late cameo almost led to a goal but his return after injury was one of few positives for Poch.5 Christian Eriksen was left out the team because he was not in the right frame of mindCredit: Getty Images – GettyWesley Sneijder has piled on the pounds since retiring just two weeks ago as Dutch legend is spotted by TV cameras at Utrecht vs VVV-Venlo game
By 2030, the world is projected to spend an estimated $10 trillion on repairing and expanding water infrastructure. Dams and treatment plants are aging, water demand is surging, and more frequent extreme weather events threaten our water security—each driving up water management costs.As costs increase, cities are realizing that investing solely in traditional, built infrastructure isn’t always the best use of tight budgets. Instead, some urban areas are benefitting from natural infrastructure or “green” infrastructure, a strategically planned and managed system of natural lands, working landscapes and other natural soil and vegetation systems across a watershed or within a city, that perform many of same functions as built or “gray” infrastructure. These essential functions, often carried out by the deep roots and multi-layered tree canopies of healthy forests, include purifying water, minimizing sedimentation, regulating flow and stormwater runoff, and reducing the impact of floods and droughts.Natural infrastructure helps to provide high-quality source water and well-regulated flow, which can not only lead to several potential areas of cost savings—such as avoided capital costs, lowered maintenance costs, and reduced treatment costs—but also generate social and environmental benefits. Furthermore, integrating natural infrastructure with engineered solutions can protect and restore ecosystem services, enhance resilience to climate change, bolster local economies, and help cities save money. Benefits added from natural infrastructure are estimated at around $29 trillion per year globally.Four cities in particular are making a compelling case for investing in natural infrastructure:Philadelphia, Pa. São Paulo, Brazil, needs to restore the Cantareira Water System to combat worsening water crisis. Brazil’s largest and most important economic region, the Greater São Paulo Metropolitan Region, has a population of 20 million people, and recently experienced its worst water crisis in 80 years. This occurred in part because the Cantareira supply system, the region’s primary source of water, receives its water from the severely degraded Piracicaba-Capivari-Jundiaí (PCJ) watershed. Nearly 70 percent of the native vegetation in the PCJ watershed has been cleared, harming the quality, quantity and timing of the fresh water supply – while also increasing water treatment costs and reducing the lifespan of its reservoirs due to siltation.Natural infrastructure offers the city a chance to save both water and money. Based on a model from InVest, The Nature Conservancy estimated that over 10 years, protection and restoration of at least 14,300 hectares (35,000 acres) of hydrologically sensitive land in the PCJ watershed would lead to a 50 percent reduction in sedimentation, saving $2.5 million every year and reducing water treatment costs by 15 percent.New York City New York City, NY looks to increase coastal resiliency by expanding investment in natural infrastructure and in hybrid combinations in the wake of Hurricane Sandy (Photo credit: Daniele Pieroni via Creative Commons.)In late October of 2012, storm surges from Hurricane Sandy overwhelmed beaches, bulkheads and seawalls, resulting in flooded homes, subways and tunnels, which ultimately cost the city $19 billion in damages. While the tragic hurricane revealed New York’s inadequate coastal defense, it also revealed the benefits natural infrastructure can provide.As public services collapsed along the storm’s paths, water supply remained largely intact, thanks to natural infrastructure. New York City invests around $100 million annually in protecting its upstate watershed, which supplies approximately 1.4 billion gallons of water to the city, while avoiding the multi-billion dollar cost of a filtration plant. Built infrastructures are often more costly, less resilient (especially in the face of climate change), and thus less efficient than natural infrastructure alternatives.In the wake of the storm, the city’s forested watershed provided clean, gravity-fed water (the water flows downhill and no electricity is needed for pumping) without interruption in service and, as a result, few people lost potable water. Meanwhile, in New Jersey, damaged pumps, filtration plants and contaminated intakes left residents without potable water for weeks after the storm, and cost the city $2.6 billion.And near the coast, communities located behind stretches of restored sand dunes and wetlands experienced less damage than those that did not have protective dunes. With heightened awareness of the benefits of nature, the NYS 2100 Commission and PlaNYC have strongly recommended the expansion of natural infrastructure to protect New York City’s shoreline with sand dunes, tidal wetlands and oyster reefs.Cities are increasingly learning to put their money in a winning strategy. Natural infrastructure offers urban areas a flexible way to manage water that benefits ecosystems, people and municipal bank accounts. Philadelphia, PA deploys green infrastructure to reduce stormwater pollution and saves billions of dollars (Source: Philadelphiaift.org).Integrating nature into city planning is nothing new for Philadelphia. Back in the 19th century, the city acquired 9,000 acres (approximately 3,600 hectares) of natural areas to help filter and regulate its potable water, and the land remains protected as parkland.Confronted with challenges from combined sewer overflows during storms, Philadelphia recently conducted a cost-benefit analysis comparing green infrastructure options—such as tree planting, permeable pavement and green roofs—against conventional gray options, such as storage tunnels. The economic benefits associated with green infrastructure ranged from $1.94 billion to $4.45 billion, compared to just $0.06 billion to $0.14 billion from gray infrastructure. In 2011, the city adopted the plan “Green City, Clean Waters” to reduce storm water pollution by greening public spaces, creating a living landscape that slows, filters and consumes rainfall. City officials expect to reduce stormwater and sewage pollution entering the waterways by 85 percent when the project is completed.Medford, Ore.Medford, OR, to restore 30 miles of river bank to meet temperature TMDL requirements, saving about $8 million compared with lagoon storage and $12 million compared to installing mechanical chillers. (Source: Wikimedia Commons) Home to more than 75,000 people, the City of Medford discharges its wastewater into the Rogue River, which passes the city to the north. Because discharge from the city exceeds maximum temperature load requirements, Medford evaluated three alternatives: lagoon storage for discharge later in the year, mechanical chillers, and restoring vegetation along rivers and streams to provide shading along the river. An economic analysis showed that restorating vegetation was three times more cost-effective than mechanical chillers for reducing thermal loads into the river, and would provide additional benefits such as improved wildlife habitat and water filtration. As a result, the city plans to work with 100 landowners through the The Freshwater Trust to restore 30 miles of stream bank at a cost of $8 million. Overall, this natural approach was $8 million cheaper than lagoon storage, and $12 million less than installing mechanical chillers—which also emit greenhouse gases.São Paulo, Brazil
D’où vient le V de la victoire ?Hommes politiques, sportifs, ou même simples anonymes adeptes du selfie se partagent un même symbole : le V de la victoire. Formé par l’écartement de l’index et du majeur, ce signe en apparence anodin cache en fait derrière lui une histoire riche et étonnante. Rien de tel qu’un voyage dans le temps pour remonter aux origines de ce symbole.Lorsqu’ils sont écartés derrière la tête d’une malheureuse victime, l’index et le majeur peuvent à eux-seuls suffire à gâcher une belle photo. Mais outre les oreilles de lapin dont un vieil oncle un peu blagueur a jugé bon d’affubler les époux sur le cliché de leur mariage, ces deux doigts peuvent aussi servir une cause un peu plus noble : exprimer la liesse du vainqueur en formant le V de la victoire. Un signe en apparence banal et anodin, mais dont l’histoire s’avère bien plus riche qu’on ne pourrait le croire.Comme le révèle l’historienne Aurélie Luneau dans son ouvrage intitulé “Radio Londres 1940-1944 Les voix de la liberté”, ce symbole serait en effet né au cours de la Seconde guerre mondiale, sous l’impulsion de l’illustre Victor de Laveleye, animateur radio de la section belge de la BBC et ancien ministre outre-Quiévrain.Le 14 janvier 1941, le Belge exilé à Londres lance un appel au micro de la radio nationale britannique. Une allocution qui débute comme il se doit par un tonitruant “Ici Radio-Belgique !”, transmis par les ondes jusqu’aux auditeurs, avec le son délicieusement nasillard de l’époque… S’en est alors suivi une tirade qui a marqué l’histoire, retranscrite mot pour mot notamment dans l’ouvrage Les méconnus de Londres : journal de guerre d’une Belge, de Tinou Dutry-Soinne, et que voici :”Il faut que tous les patriotes de Belgique aient un signe de ralliement, qu’ils multiplient ce signe autour d’eux, qu’en le voyant inscrit partout, ils sachent qu’ils sont une multitude. Et que l’occupant, lui aussi, en voyant ce signe, toujours le même, se répéter indéfiniment, comprenne qu’il est entouré, par une foule immense de citoyens belges qui attendent impatiemment son premier fléchissement, guettent sa première défaillance”, a scandé le speaker dans le studio londonien.Un V, évidemment !Un signe de ralliement… Certes, mais quel signe ? Et bien le V, pardi ! Une évidence pour Victor de Laveleye, qui expose les origines de sa proposition dans la suite de son allocution radiophonique : “Je vous propose comme signe de ralliement, la lettre V. Pourquoi ? Parce que V, c’est la première lettre de Victoire en français et Vrijheid (Liberté) en flamand”. Le signe idéal, s’il en est : simple, efficace et… polyglotte !Et le moins que l’on puisse dire, c’est que l’idée n’est pas tombée dans l’oreille d’un sourd. Dans les jours et les mois qui ont suivi, les V de la victoire se sont mis à proliférer partout en Europe. En Belgique naturellement, d’abord, puis aux Pays-Bas, et dans le Nord de la France, avant d’envahir tout le continent. Mais pas sous la forme que nous connaissons aujourd’hui.Dans un premier temps, c’est en tant que graffiti que le V de la victoire se manifeste, tracé notamment sur les murs allemands et les carrosseries des véhicules du pays. Un peu plus tard, au mois de juin, Radio Londres parvient à transformer ce symbole visuel en une image sonore. Comment ? Grâce au Morse.« Ici Londres… ! »Ce code international traduit en effet l’alphabet sous formes d’impulsions – brèves ou longues – associées entre elles pour signifier une lettre. Pour le V, la transposition se fait par la succession de trois signaux courts, suivis d’une note finale plus soutenue. Un motif rythmique choisi pour le célèbre indicatif sonore de Radio Londres, et qui correspond en outre aux premières notes de la Cinquième Symphonie de Beethoven.Finalement, c’est le Premier ministre britannique Winston Churchill qui va populariser, par le geste cette fois, ce symbole devenu universel. En témoigne un célèbre cliché daté du 5 juin 1943, qui montre l’homme politique sourire aux lèvres, bras levé vers le ciel, et surtout index et majeur écartés pour former le fameux V de la victoire. Le début de la notoriété pour ce geste aujourd’hui entré dans la postérité.Un symbole servi à toutes les saucesAu fil de l’Histoire, ses utilisations ont évolué, et se sont étoffées. Dans les États-Unis des années 1960, les opposants à la guerre du Viêt Nam s’en sont emparé pour en faire un signe de paix. Le fameux esprit “peace and love” matérialisé par un signe aux origines guerrières…Une décennie plus tard, c’est un motard, le champion de Grand Prix Barry Sheene qui s’approprie le symbole. À chaque victoire, le sportif adressait à la foule un V de la victoire formé de ses deux doigts. Une habitude sans doute à l’origine du salut que les motards s’échangent encore aujourd’hui lorsqu’ils se croisent sur la route.À lire aussiPourquoi l’eau des océans est-elle salée ?Populaire en Europe, le V de la victoire l’est encore plus au Japon, où son adoption par de nombreuses vedettes locales depuis les années 1960 a permis de le hisser au sommet de la popularité. À l’heure des selfies, les représentants du peuple nippon ne manquent pas d’arborer fièrement ce signe du bout de leurs doigts. Une drôle d’habitude qui pourrait finir par leur coûter cher.Des scientifiques de l’Institut national japonais d’informatique ont en effet découvert il y a quelques mois qu’exposer ainsi le bout de ses doigts sur les réseaux sociaux pouvait permettre à n’importe qui de reproduire les empreintes digitales de la personne photographiée. Une aubaine pour tous les usurpateurs d’identité sans scrupule.Des scrupules, le vieux tonton blagueur n’en avait certainement pas non plus lorsqu’il s’est permis d’affubler les mariés d’oreilles de lapin sur la photo de leur union. Détourné de cette façon, le V de la victoire signerait plutôt la défaite de l’humour…Le 17 octobre 2018 à 11:42 • Benoît Crépin
Additionally, Apple is undergoing a European Union investigation after Spotify filed a complaint against the company for its unfair app store policies. “In recent years, Apple has introduced rules to the App Store that purposely limit choice and stifle innovation at the expense of the user experience — essentially acting as both a player and referee to deliberately disadvantage other app developers. After trying unsuccessfully to resolve the issues directly with Apple, we’re now requesting that the EC take action to ensure fair competition,” Daniel Ek, the founder and CEO of Spotify, wrote in a post. Apple argues on its new website that the app store welcomes competition and lists a number of competitors to their in-house apps such as calendar apps, camera apps, cloud storage apps and mail apps. “Our users trust Apple — and that trust is critical to how we operate a fair, competitive store for developer app distribution,” the company wrote. On the new website, Apple claims that 60 percent of developers can have their apps available immediately after approval, that developers have a chance to have app rejections reviewed by the App Review Board, and that 84 percent of apps are free. “The App Store has also helped millions of people with great ideas easily learn how to code, create, and distribute their ideas in 155 countries,” Apple wrote. In the midst of antitrust lawsuits and monopoly complaints, Apple is trying to prove its app store promotes innovation and welcomes competition. “We created the App Store with two goals in mind: that it be a safe and trusted place for customers to discover and download apps, and a great business opportunity for all developers,” the company wrote on a new website created to defend its app store rules and requirements. “We take responsibility for ensuring that apps are held to a high standard for privacy, security, and content because nothing is more important than maintaining the trust of our users.”Earlier this month, Apple was caught in a lawsuit with iPhone owners protesting Apple’s monopolization of iPhone apps, and arguing that Apple uses that monopolization to overcharge for their apps. Apple argued iPhone owners cannot sue the App Store since the apps were developed by third-party developers, and tried to get the lawsuit dismissed. The lawsuit made its all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of the iPhone owners. “In short, we do not understand the relevance of the upstream market structure in deciding whether a downstream consumer may sue a monopolistic retailer. Apple’s rule would elevate form (what is the precise arrangement between manufacturers or suppliers and retailers?) over substance (is the consumer paying a higher price because of the monopolistic retailer’s actions?). If the retailer’s unlawful monopolistic conduct caused a consumer to pay the retailer a higher-than-competitive price, the consumer is entitled to sue the retailer under the antitrust laws,” according to the Supreme Court document.