2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies News Follow the news on Colombia Organisation ColombiaAmericas Reporters Without Borders today condemned the repeated threats made during the past month against Pedro Luis Mogollón, the editor of the El Universal daily in the northern city of Cartagena, and Jacqueline Rhenals, one of his political columnists. The organisation also voiced concern about Diva Vivian Jessurum of RCN television in Bogotá, who is on the point of fleeing the country because of death threats.“Press freedom in Colombian is no longer just compromised in the zones of armed conflict,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Regardless of the protection they may be getting, the situation of journalists is deteriorating sharply in the few cities and regions that are supposedly ‘pacified.’ Jessurum’s departure would bring to eight the number of journalists who have been forced to stop working and flee their region or the entire country since the start of the year.”The press freedom organisation added: “We call on the Fiscalía General de la Nación (attorney-general’s office), which is responsible for dealing with these cases, to conduct immediate inquiries that include political circles in the areas investigated, in order to put an end to this new climate of terror against the media.”Mogollón and Rhenals have been receiving repeated telephone threats for a month because of El Universal’s coverage of the campaign for Cartagena’s mayoral election on 30 October. The threats were first made in an SMS (telephone text) message received by both journalists on 17 September. Two subsequent messages, one to Mogollón on 3 October and the other to Rhenals on 10 October, referred to a report in El Universal about voter intentions, especially as regards former mayor Nicolas Curi, who was removed in 2000 because of alleged corruption.According to the Peruvian press freedom organisation IPYS, the threats against Jessurum are linked to a book she has been writing for the past year about the embezzlement of US funding for Plan Colombia, (a drug eradication programme). The threats began on 21 April when she received a message that she would be killed if she did not shut up. The anonymous correspondent, who calls himself Angelito, has thereafter reiterated his threats every two weeks.A small coffin containing an identical message was delivered to her mother’s home in the northern city of Barranquilla on 16 August. Two days before that, several individuals went to Jessurum’s apartment building and asked the concierge for her. After being told she was not there, they broke the windows of her apartment by throwing stones. Reporters Without Borders has been told she is very frightened and is on the point of seeking refuge in a neighbouring country for a couple of months. ColombiaAmericas April 27, 2021 Find out more Reports Receive email alerts May 13, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information to go further October 26, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 More death threats against journalists, one on the verge of fleeing the country News RSF begins research into mechanisms for protecting journalists in Latin America News RSF_en RSF, IFEX-ALC and Media Defence, support FLIP and journalist Diana Díaz against state harassment in Colombia October 21, 2020 Find out more
While you’re picking this year’s fruits from your backyardorchard, it’s time to start thinking about next year’s harvest.”Next year’s fruit crop depends greatly on the plants’health this year,” said Gerard Krewer, an Extension Servicehorticulturist with the University of Georgia Extension Service.Making sure your fruit plants are properly fertilized now helpsthe plants in two ways, Krewer said.Making Flowers and Charging BatteriesFirst, flower buds are forming now that will produce next year’scrop.”The number of flowers you have next spring will be determinedthis year,” Krewer said. The more flowers you start with,the better your chances of having a crop after a spring frost.Second, fruit plants are charging up their batteries now. They’llcrank up next spring on the strength of the energy reserves theybuild up between now and their fall shutdown.”For the first 30 days or so next spring, a fruit plantwill depend on its stored reserves,” he said. “Thoseare the reserves it’s producing this fall and storing in its rootsand stems.”Don’t rush out and start pouring on the fertilizer, though.”Too much fertilizer could do more damage than good,”Krewer said. “The plant could wind up making less fruit insteadof more.”Too much fertilizer now, he said, could cause the plant togrow too much in late summer and increase shading in the plant’sinterior, resulting in fewer flower buds. Excessive growth isalso more susceptible to cold injury this fall and winter.Take a Soil Sample to Determine NeedsThe ideal thing to do, Krewer said, is to take a soil sampleto the county extension office. Get an analysis of your plants’precise fertility needs.”Summer is a great time to pull a soil test,” hesaid. “The readings will be closer to the actual soil conditionsthe plants experience during the growth season. The pH goes downthis time of year. So you get a better picture of your limingneeds.”One benefit of soil testing is that you can often save on fertilizercosts. “Often plants require only nitrogen in the summer,”he said.If you really don’t want to run a soil test, the next bestthing is to use a balanced, premium-grade fertilizer.That would supply the main nutrients plants need — nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium — in balanced amounts. It would alsoprovide the micronutrients needed for good growth.What’s Best for Berries, Isn’t for PearsFor many fruit trees, a seat-of-the-pants rule is to apply1 pound of premium-grade 10-10-10 per inch of trunk diameter.But don’t apply more than 3 pounds per tree in late summer.”For pears, apply a little less than that,” Krewersaid. “Pears are prone to put on too much vegetative growthif you fertilize them too much.”For blueberries, he said, apply 1 ounce of the same fertilizerper foot of bush height. But don’t apply more than 6 ounces perbush.In rich soils or where fruit plants often grow too much, hesaid, cut any of these rates by one-half to two-thirds.Be prepared to fertilize again next spring, just before orduring bloom. “Fruit plants usually need fertilizer everyspring and every summer after harvest,” Krewer said.